Introduction and History
Humayun’s Tomb was a second Mughal emperor who was the son of Babur. Humayun died in the year 1556 and his wife Hamida Banu Begum wanted to construct a tomb of him. She was also known as Haji Begum who constructed the tomb of Humayun after the fourteen years of his death, which was in 1569. This tomb was constructed in Mughal style with the inspiration of Persian architecture. It is well-known that Humayun himself wanted to have a tomb who took the principles of Persian architecture during his exile. And in 1569 the construction of the tomb was done at the cost of 1.5 million (15 lakh rupees) .
Haji Begum employed a Persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyuth for the construction of the tomb. This architect had designed many buildings earlier in the place named Herat which is in the northwest side of Afghanistan , Bukhara which is in Uzbekistan presently and elsewhere in India also. The location which was chosen for the building of the tomb was on the bank of river Yamuna.
Construction and specialities
This tomb stands exactly in the middle of the garden which is square. It is also divided into four parts mainly. And in the centre exactly water-channels run which are not deep. On the eastern wall a pavilion occupies exactly in the centre. A bath chamber also occupies in the centre of Northern wall.
There is a double storeyed structure built with red square sandstone of the Mausoleum. The elevations of the tomb were decorated by marble borders and panals on the each side of the tomb externally. And this is dominated by three arched alcoves and the central one is the highest. Especially this tomb is set in a garden which is arranged geometrically. And numerous water-channels which represent a paradise setting symbolically.
These are the gardens which were introduced by Babur into India which were very typical and done in Persian style.these types of gardens in Persian style were found in the Red fort in Delhi and also in Taj mahal in Agra. This tomb and its building is in the Persian architectural form and the main chamber of this building shows some familiarity also with the tomb of the Persian ruler Mongol Ilkhanid.
This tomb can also be said as one of the Mughal buildings which were influenced by Timurid architecture. This Humayun’s tomb is the first Indian building which used to the Persian double dome. This building has its inlaid tile work for which it is noteworthy. The carved stone screens and carving the decorative elements of India and Persia also makes this attractive structure noteworthy.
How to reach and exact Location
The Nizammudin railway station in Delhi is the nearest to this site. If you take the Metro, then Jorbagh or Race Course stations (both on the Yellow line) are the nearest. From Nizamudin East, head towards Mathura Road, past Hazrat Niazamuddin Bus Stop, and at Sabz Burj take the 3rd exit, pass Hazrat Nizamuddin Police Station and on the left is Humayun’s Tomb.